The word “Duzdag” consists of two components. The first component “Duz” has the meaning of “Salt”, but the second component “Dag” means “Rock”. The area is situated at 11 km. distance from the city of Nakhchivan with about 100 thousand people to the North-West.
There are huge NaCl salt deposits to have been naturally formed million years before. The mentioned salt with some hundred millions tons of capacity has been extracting for more than two thousand years. Considering this, Duzdag is of value to see, to walk and to admire. Nakhchivan being on the historical Silk Way crossroad this salt was extracted to be used in daily life and agricultural as well. According to the historians this very rock salt was carried to thousands of kilometers distance from here by camel caravans . There are various interesting stories among local people connected with salt, its treatment (healing) magics. In its part this rock salt had a great role in forming a town building culture of 5 thousand years ago. All this has been proved and approved by international archeological expedition finds in this area during excavation and above all the discovered material-cultural samples could justify all hopes around this issue .
Starting from the fifties of the XX century the salt began to be produced in a widescale form by industrial way to provide the chemical industry with raw materials and as a result of what such huge caves appeared in the hundred metres in depth where a large number of people could shelter at once. Thereafter spelotherapy invention, namely, the method of asthmatic diseases treatment in salt mines Duzdag became famous for its treatment importance
Already more than 50 years asthmatic diseases have been treating by spelotherapy methods in Duzdag. Generally there are so many facts related to the medical importance of salt. One knows that there are a lot of countries in the world as America, Europe, some countries not far from Azerbaijan as Romany, Poland, Ukraine, Uzbekistan and others where there are places of mine methods of treatment. But despite the former USSR period, the organization of treatment opportunities in Duzdag have completely changed from good to the better
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