It is located in the south-eastern slopes of Lesser Caucasus Mountains in the south-west of the Azerbaijan on the left bank of the Guruchay River.
The cave in the territory of Khojavand region.
Unfortunately it is to be noted that the Azerbaijani territory of location of the cave of most ancient people of the world is under Armenian occupation since 1993 and there is no information about the condition of cave after occupation.
The cave area is 800 sq. m. There are 8 corridors, which stretches to the length of 600 meters. The height of some of corridors is 20-25 meters. As the largest cave discovered in the Caucasus Azykh cave draws the attention.
The world has very little information about the Azykh cave. Because no opportunity was given to former Soviet scientists having researches in this cave, to have contacts with their colleagues living in foreign countries. As a result, the world still knows very little about one of the world's most ancient people who inhabited the territory of Azerbaijan.
In 1960 an expedition led by Azerbaijani archaeologist Mammadali Huseynov Azykh cave and began to take on the curtain. It became clear that the cave was a settlement for the world's most ancient inhabitants (called them Azıkhantrop). In 1968, as a result of long cave excavations by M. Huseynov the lower jaw bone of Neanderthal man discovered from cave. After studies on finding it became clear that he had at least 350-400 thousand-years of history.
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